Samson on the Cross: A Good Friday Reflection

Death of Samson

In my recent post on the subject of exodus in 1 Samuel 1-7, I observed the way that the narrative explores themes of strength and weakness. At the battle of Aphek, the Ark of the Covenant, which was supposed to bring supernatural power to the aid of the Israelites, turns out to be a damp squib: it is captured by the Philistines and taken into captivity, placed at the very heart of their civilization, next to their god Dagon in his temple.

At that point, however, what once seemed weak and powerless begins to display immense and terrifying power and the world of the Philistines starts to collapse around it. It begins with the statue of Dagon falling on its face before the Ark. He is placed back on his pedestal, but the next day he has fallen again, but now is dismembered and decapitated. His hands lie on the threshold, as if he were seeking to flee from the terrifying presence of YHWH in his own temple. Over the coming months, the territory of the Philistines is ravaged with plagues.

This isn’t the first time in the Scripture that we encounter Dagon and his temple. In Judges 16, Samson is betrayed by one of those closest to him, one who kisses him but then gives him into the hands of his enemies in exchange for pieces of silver. He is bound, blinded, and imprisoned. He is made a grinder in the prison, a gruelling back-breaking task. The leaders of the Philistines hold a celebration of their victory over him, sacrificing to Dagon in his temple. Samson is brought before them so that they can make mockery of him. The one who was once thought so powerful is a weak plaything for them now, a target for their sport and jest. Samson is placed between the pillars of the temple, one on his right and another on his left. He asks the lad holding his hand to guide his hands to the pillars, so that he can lean upon them.

At that point he prays that, just that one final time, God would strengthen him. He braces himself on the two pillars of the temple, then pushes with all of his might. The temple of Dagon collapses, falling on all of those within it. Willingly giving up the Spirit that had returned to him in that final act, Samson dies with the Philistines, accomplishing a greater victory in his death than at any point in his life.

The temple of Dagon appears on three different occasions in Scripture and, on each occasion, it is the site of a different form of decapitation or head-crushing. In 1 Chronicles 10:10, the severed head of Saul is brought to the temple of Dagon to be displayed. In 1 Samuel 5, it is Dagon himself who is decapitated by YHWH. In Judges 16, we see Samson, who as a Nazirite has separated his head to YHWH (Numbers 6:18), give up that head, with the result of the crushing of the heads of the Philistines.

Turning to the gospels, we encounter a story that might be familiar to us. A Man perceived as a great threat by the authorities is betrayed into their hands by someone extremely close to him in an act of seeming intimacy (Luke 22:47), handed over in exchange for pieces of silver. The Man is blinded and mocked (Luke 22:64). The Man once feared and considered so powerful is ridiculed, his impotence apparent for all to see.

A crown is placed on the Man’s head, dedicating it (the crown is a sign of consecration: in fact, the Hebrew word for it is the same one as used for the Nazirite’s ‘separated’ or ‘consecrated’ head). The Man is giving the back-breaking task of carrying his cross and is led to Golgotha – ‘the Place of the Skull’ – the site where heads are removed and skulls are crushed. He is placed between two wooden pillars, bearing those crucified with him, one on his right hand and another on his left. The body of disciples depart and their Head is left alone.

The Man is taunted: ‘You who destroy the temple and build it in three days, save Yourself! If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross.’ The Man is seemingly abandoned by God and cries out for his presence. Psalm 69 is alluded to in the context on a number of occasions, a plea for God’s help in a time of great need and persecution, a plea for God’s judgment upon wicked oppressors: ‘…let their habitation be desolate; let no one dwell in their tents…’ The Man, with one last gasp of strength, cries out with a loud voice and gives up the Spirit. Immediately, the veil of the temple is torn from top to bottom. The earth quakes, the rocks are split, the graves are opened (Matthew 27:50-53). The whole old world order comes crashing to the ground.

In the very act of his death, the Man who was considered powerless accomplishes the greatest victory of all. It is through his crucifixion in weakness that the true power of God is displayed.

‘But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which God ordained before the ages for our glory, which none of the rulers of this age knew; for had they known, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.’ The Man whom they mocked brought the house down. And nothing will ever be the same again.

About Alastair Roberts

Alastair Roberts (PhD, Durham University) writes in the areas of biblical theology and ethics, but frequently trespasses beyond these bounds. He participates in the weekly Mere Fidelity podcast, blogs at Alastair’s Adversaria, and tweets at @zugzwanged.
This entry was posted in 1 Samuel, Bible, John, Judges, Lent, Luke, Mark, Matthew, NT, The Atonement, The Atonement, Theological, Theology. Bookmark the permalink.

12 Responses to Samson on the Cross: A Good Friday Reflection

  1. sosopilgrim says:

    And that was just the beginning. While Christ was the most powerful being who appeared powerless, God now uses truly powerless people to rattle the world. Why do we spend so much time focussing on the powerful? The prince of the air can never rest on his laurels while Christians walk this earth. Thinking about this as we prepare for the Good Friday service here… Thank you.

  2. Uri Brito says:

    Excellent, Alastair. For a while I was unsure whether you could write short posts 🙂

  3. Ed Brown says:

    Nicely done. I’ve just discovered your writings – will have to explore more. Your use of Samson as an example of strength made perfect in weakness is similar to my own Easter meditation this year (see the blog post at Thanks for your good words.

  4. Pingback: Ten Years of Blogging: 2012-2013 | Alastair's Adversaria

  5. Pingback: Retrospective on 2013 | Alastair's Adversaria

  6. Pingback: #Luke2Acts—Some Notes on Luke 17 to 24 | Alastair's Adversaria

  7. Pingback: Transcript for ‘Responding to Criticisms of Echoes of Exodus’ Video – Adversaria Videos and Podcasts

  8. Pingback: Responding to Criticisms of Echoes of Exodus – Adversaria Videos and Podcasts

  9. George Stevens says:

    In addition to the collapse on the Temple of dragon. The two pillars that our Lord shows to grab hold of where the pillars of theft. Wooden pillars, that are much weaker then Stone granite. This being to show humanity that the world he created with his own hands has been stolen from him by way of the very tree of knowledge of Good and evil that he himself hung upon suffering and dying until the very last drop of blood issued forth from his heart ❤️ leaving only water to gush forth. I just want Samson slew a thousand with the jawbone of the ass crying out to father God, exclaiming I thirst, God the Father commanded Samson to remove one of the molars of the jawbone of the cult of the donkey beast of burden. Water immediately gushed forth refreshing Samson’s thirst. Jesus Christ our Lord and savior is the true beast of burden bearing all of our sins upon his shoulders he is the true Samson the , Lion of the tribe of Judah, speaking with his jawbone the seven words of life from the cross. Gushing and issuing forth like water a fountain to refresh us springing forth from the tree of Life, and at the very same time, those very same words condemned all of hell to eternal punishment, that were all present that day beneath his feet at the foot of the cross their heads being crushed by the words issuing forth from his mouth. The jawbone of the cult of the ass is the jawbone of the son of God speaking from the flower of his youth from the throne of victory upon the cross he personally invented cruel though it may be for our salvation. Crying out with his very last breath father and to your hands I commend my spirit, with his very last word being said out loud in a very loud voice for all to hear MOTHER. As to all men who are crying on the battlefield with pain and suffering crying out for their mother our Lord was no exception to this final cry for his MOTHER our MOTHER.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.