In the course of his treatment of the use of the OT in John’s gospel, Steve Moyise describes M.J.J. Menken’s understanding of the background of Jesus’ statement in John 13:18. Menken suggests that John makes his own translation from the Hebrew of Psalm 41:9, but alters it slightly to bring it closer to the language of 2 Samuel 18:28. The context of this verse is Ahithophel’s betrayal of Jesus, an event in the life of David which Jewish tradition also associates with Psalm 41. Menken observes a number of parallels between the story of Jesus’ betrayal by Judas and David’s betrayal by Ahithophel that I hadn’t noticed before.
- Judas and Ahithophel both hang themselves after the deed (2 Sam 17.23/Matt 27.5).
- They both plan to do the deed at night (2 Sam 17.1/John 13.30).
- David and Jesus both pray for deliverance on the Mount of Olives (2 Sam 15.31/Mark 14.26ff.).
- David and Jesus both cross the Kidron (2 Sam 15.23/John 18.1).
- It is claimed that the death of one man will bring peace to the people (2 Sam 17.3/John 11.50).
I had seen some of these before, but hadn’t noticed a few of the others.